The adjective "Nuragic" derives from the island's most characteristic monument, the Nuraghe, a tower-fortress type of construction the ancient Sardinians built in large numbers starting from about 1800 BCE. Today more than 7,000 nuraghesdot the Sardinian landscape.
No written records of this civilization have been discovered,
Nuragic culture was a civilization or culture on the island of Sardinia, the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, which lasted from the 18th century BCE (Bronze Age) to 238 BCE when the Romans colonized the island.
Religious rites and ceremony
Spiritual practices appear to have been most often related to the dead, connections to the afterlife, and rituals of water, as exemplified in the majority of architectural discoveries. Offering benches, stairwells to sacred springs and enclosures of sacred wells are of greatest interest, as are the possible beliefs concerning the magical properties of the water therein.
Based around this are the numerous Nuragic sanctuaries, or the greatest of sacred springs, within which meetings of high significance are thought to have been held, possibly with participation from neighboring/warring tribes, and around which many other buildings and temples were constructed and sometimes connected.
Substantial numbers of the Nuragic's famous Bronzetti statues have been found near or within these areas, giving credibility to the suspicion that they were left as a form of gratitude during religious rituals, or in hopes of gaining strength or prowess in certain specific life endeavors.
“Always be like a water. Float in the times of pain or dance like waves along the wind which touches its surface.”
― Santosh Kalwar
The giants’ tombs
The megalithic graves, commonly referred to as "giants' tombs", have been most prevalently found in central Sardinia, although spaced evenly throughout. These graves were likely the resting place of dozens of persons, up to possibly hundreds at some locations. With such spacious, extended burial chambers of up to sixty feet and exterior enclosures of nearly ninety feet, it is asserted that the Nuragic took great care to remain close to their dead, believing they had transformed into gods or similar heroic figures.
It is likely they performed and later repeated rites of ancestral honor not only at the time of burial, but at significant interval periods in time, with some even suspected of sleeping aside the deceased for healing or magical purposes. Adorned with various stones, holes, betyls and other decorative features with debatable spiritual or magical significance, it is widely speculated as to which inhabitants were buried within the giants' tombs. Older tombs were likely less discriminating in the distinction of inhabitants, while more recent developments may have included smaller, more specific groups or clans.
Domus de Janas ( House of the Fairies )
Domus de janas buildings are evidences of the Sardinian ancient civilization; a culture living in close quarters with Nature.They are astonishing examples of underground burial structure of the pre-nuragic civilization and the artificial walls of the cave are often decorated with embossed magical symbols and red ochre painted. A big part of them are characterized by embossed stylized bull heads.
The folkloristic imaginary worked for century about this kind of building craved from the rocks and spread in the whole Sardinia, drawing legends still fascinating. The many openings starring the inland area of Sardinia, spooky access to the underworld, have been populated of supernatural creatures: the janas. According to the differing versions of the traditional tales, the janas are fragile fairies or awkward witches getting out from their lurk, the domus de janas (trad. houses of the fairies), only at night.